The latest issue of paleoconservative Chronicles magazine features several pieces (by Thomas L. Fleming, Claude Polin, and Chilton Williamson) reflecting on James Burnham’s 1964 book, The Suicide of the West.
Burnham’s work always struck me as highly derivative of Lawrence Dennis, especially Dennis’ 194o The Dynamics of War and Revolution. Dennis made the mistake of accepting the label “fascist” as a self-description in the 1930s. Dennis was not an enthusiast for fascism; he thought a fascist regime was inevitable, and that elites ought to face up to that inevitability and try to make the best of what he freely acknowledged was in many ways a bad situation. He criticized US elites harshly, so that when the United States entered the Second World War, he found himself a friendless man, exposed to attack on all sides. Prosecuted for sedition in 1944, it was only because the judge died during his trial that Dennis was lucky enough to stay out of prison. I had hoped that the issue would include at least one reference to Dennis, but it does not. Justin Raimondo is a regular columnist for Chronicles, and a defender of Dennis; Mr Raimondo’s column this month is about a lady who fixes up old houses.
A couple of pieces in the issue, Dr Fleming’s column linked above and a note by Aaron D. Wolf, bring up homosexuality. Dr Fleming takes issue with the term “homophobia,” writing: “express the Christian point of view on homosexuality, as Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson did, and you are a homophobic bigot—though the idea of Mr. Robertson being afraid of gay men is truly amusing.” I am not familiar with Mr Robertson, so I cannot share Dr Fleming’s amusement. I can only congratulate him on it.
However, I think Mr Wolf’s piece does vindicate the term “homophobia.” Mr Wolf, also thinking of Mr Robertson, writes:
Robertson believes homosexuality is sinful because God says so in His infallible Word. He, like Saint Paul, doesn’t make a sophisticated distinction between inclination and activity. And Robertson follows Paul’s thought process as spelled out in Romans 1—that a society given over to sexual perversion is a society that has followed a long path of degradation. In addition Robertson, convinced as he is by a higher authority which demands submission and not explaining away, also recognizes that such perversion is not even rational behavior. Thus, the Duck Commander, in the field, armed, and with his girly-man interviewer in tow, said with vulgar rhetorical flourish what most men, Christian and non-Christian alike, have said in locker rooms or at bars or by the water cooler or wherever: that the very idea of what gay men do, or want to do, is repulsive.
As I understand it, when psychologists talk about phobias, they are talking about anxiety disorders. So someone who suffers from acrophobia, for example, is not simply “afraid of heights,” but is likely to be seized by anxiety when exposed to heights. Further, it is my understanding that the two main causes of anxiety attacks are, initially, the fear that one is being forced to meet impossible demands, and, subsequently, the fear that one is about to have an anxiety attack.
With those points in mind, I would say that anyone who “doesn’t make a… distinction between inclination and activity” before declaring that God has judged particular people to exemplify “perversion” and “degradation” and to be “repulsive” probably has an anxiety disorder. Mr Wolf can, by acts of will, prevent himself from engaging in any particular activity at any particular moment. If he regards same-sex sex as perverse, degrading, and repulsive, he can therefore choose to abstain from it throughout his whole life. However, inclinations do not respond to acts of the will in that way. This is not a “sophisticated distinction.” It is the very crudest sort of magical thinking to imagine that a desire or an inclination will go away simply because we tell it to. Indeed, it is in the strictest sense unchristian to believe that this can be done, since it denies the reality of temptation.
So, if anxiety is the result of the fear of being forced to meet impossible demands, the belief that one’s inclinations must respond to acts of will in the same way that one’s activities do is a recipe for anxiety. If that belief is reinforced by the threat that “most men, Christian and non-Christian alike” will regard one as perverse, degraded, and repulsive if one does not succeed in this impossible task, then of course the result will be an anxiety disorder.
And not only in those who have experienced a desire for same-sex sex. All of us know perfectly well that we cannot shape our inclinations by acts of will, since all of us have at least some inclinations of which we would like to be rid. Mr Robertson, as a recovering drug addict, knows that better than most. So, if one believes that merely experiencing a homosexual inclination is enough to mark one as unacceptable for the company of men, one would surely be haunted by the fear that such an inclination might someday, somehow, pop into one’s feelings.
Perhaps this belief, miserable as it makes so many people, is also behind much of the rapid growth of support for the rights of sexual minorities in the West in recent decades. If we do not distinguish between the inclination and the activity, then denouncing the activity means reviling the people who are inclined to it. The more same-sexers one gets to know, the harder it is to believe oneself to be a nice person while using phrases like (to quote Mr Wolf’s note) “designed for the toilet” with application to matters that are essential to their social identity and most intimate relationships. So, perhaps the Mr Wolfs of the world are the true vanguard of the gay rights struggle.